Film review: The Double Life Of Veronique (1991)

Review intended for those who have already watched the film, spoilers may occur.

A French film directed by Polish director Kieslowski, possibly one of the trickiest of his films to understand I think.

The story is about two identical looking women called Weronika and Veronique. Weronika lives in Poland. Veronique lives in France. They are both played by Irene Jacob, and both have talent as a singer. A tour bus from France travels through Krakow, and Weronika spots Veronique, who is her doppelganger, Weronika smiles, and it seems evident in her curious gaze she would like to speak to her, if she had not seen her, would both women's lives have been different you wonder. The comparisons between the two women in appearance and spirit being just a series of amazing coincidences is one interpretation.

The first third of the film takes place in Poland, the remaining 2/3 in France. The mistakes the Polish girl makes, the French Veronique senses intuitively, the same story is changing or being revised. They become one person on a spiritual level, Veronique has learned from Weronika's mistakes, even though they have never spoken to each other. Two souls, but the same thoughts, what is strange is that distance is the key to the unification. They are far away, but spiritually very close. Perhaps Kieslowski is saying we as humans are all one big family and not so different on the inside, no matter if you are Polish, French, or whatever. Or a message could be that you should listen to what your body is telling you in the case of Weronika, and not push yourself too hard.

There is a certain mystery whether a double exists. If we look long enough would we find that double? And even if we found such a person, would we even want to spend time with them or would it be too awkward? Is it comforting to know that another people in the world might have the same thoughts, ambitions and appearance, so we are not alone, or do we prefer to imagine that we are completely unique? These are interesting philosophical questions that Kieslowski’s film got me thinking about, in fact while writing this very review.

Talking of doppelgangers, I think its not just a physical double the story is hinting at, but that mental inner doubles are out there, who feel or think like we do. I personally would much rather meet the later ( :

For James at cinemasights, one interpretation of the film is that the two women are in fact the same woman who exist in two parallel universes. As the train rolls through the city we see the exterior world through the small ball, which flips the image upside down. This creates the idea of a universe running parallel to the one we are observing. The reflection of her in the window also indicates a double.

The Double Life Of Veronique was about something that usually you can't film - intuitions, perceptions, all this inner landscape of sensation, Irene Jacob recalls (...) these little things which in the end, are the main driving force behind what we do, what we end up doing. They are not easy to portray or film. Irene Jacob talks about in an interview: We talk about things we have done. But really, daily life is just as full of feelings, of premonitions... of solitude sometimes... of intense moments of completeness. You can feel very complete, but then sometimes, feel empty, hollow. And suddenly feel very receptive to all that happens each day, to all the little things that happen outside ourselves, ultimately. But Kieslowski, she says, refused to discuss the underlying themes of the film with her. That would have meant speaking about metaphysics and chance and doubles. He told me that because the film could be taken on such a poetic level we had to be very concrete. For him, metaphysics and chance was something always there in banal, everyday life - a piece of light, the rain, she recalls. His theory was that if you said to people that you already knew what the film was about, nobody would offer any suggestions.

It was no accident that Kieslowski's late features, from The Double Life Of Veronique onward, have women as protagonists. As he told the author Danusia Stok: "Women feel things more acutely, have more presentiments, greater sensitivity, greater intuition... The Double Life Of Veronique couldn't have been made about a man.” Kieslowski attempts to show the world from a woman’s viewpoint.

Must be tough to be the boyfriend of Weronika or Veronique, they both feel a connection to another person, and not so much the lover. Alexandre, Veronique’s lover, is held at a distance, like in any relationship between people we can never get inside each others head. He tries to reach her and makes her into a piece of art by portraying her in his new puppet story. There is a dream of wanting to be joined spiritually, which perhaps lifts the body and soul above the earthly circumstance, is this achieveable in fleeting moments through art or other situations? Alexandre wants to know her, and Veronique already has it to a certain extent, but doesn't fully understand the connection with Weronika, and nither do we the audience comprehend this. Alexandre is also an ambiguous character, does he really want a relationship with Veronique, or is she merely a jigsaw piece in his current artistic venture?

Roger Ebert thinks it’s a puzzle not to be solved, instead a poetic overture on the power of senses and sensibilities, about seeing oneself at a distance.

A very interesting idea I think to perceive yourself from a distance, something we do when we hear our own voice recorded and don’t recognize it, or see ourselves on film when others have videotaped our body language. Can be an eye-opening or surprising experience. We have an inner perception of how we are perceived, which may or may not match how others perceive us. If there is a mismatch of the inner and outer we can feel misunderstood. Being able to see yourself from a distance, or asking others how you appear, can help in making people comfortable around you, because then you sense for example how you behave in a group situation. Would we change anything in our lives, if we watched a big brother film of a day in the life of X? I don’t know. Depends on if we are happy with our lives, or want a change. Perceiving yourself in such a way sounds very narcissistic, so perhaps it’s good we can’t watch ourselves! There will never be a common perception of any given person anyway, everyone will have a subjective opinion about someone, which is constantly evolving, depending on many factors, how well they know him or her, and if they can relate, etc.

Veronique senses there is another individual like herself, and she intuitively decides to act differently than Weronika did, and stop singing. If we see a friend or a movie character in a difficult spot, in many cases its easier to give advice and suggest a change, than it is to alter our own life. It’s interesting to contemplate if some people imagine a fictitious “other self” to try and see how they might conceivably act in certain situations. A dress rehearsal to real life without risk. Weronika is such a person I think for Veronique, a similar person she can project her own feeling onto, who may or may not really exist, and on an internal level mirror herself in, an avatar? If Veronique did continue singing, then the worst-case scenario is what happened to Weronika. Sort of imagining or predicting certain situations in your head is very difficult to do, but in the case of Veronique she knows herself so well that she can foresee a problem, a very unique talent or whatever you want to call her gift. I think the smartest people can foresee many steps ahead, and avoid disappointment in that way. If you know what you are capable of, then you avoid what you can't do I guess. Then again, if you shy away from pushing yourself to the limit, life may become boring, if you don't challenge yourself enough.

From interview book Kieslowski on Kieslowski: “You can describe something that maybe doesn’t happen on screen, but which by virtue of the music exists. It’s interesting to bring something to life, which is not in the actual film or the actual music. By combining film and music, a certain atmosphere arises.”
“Restriction, necessary restrictions and necessary compromise, evokes a certain imagination and agility and inspires an energy, which puts you in a position to invent original solutions and ideas for the script”
“when your heart stops, the bar on the machine is completely horizontal. And one time Veronique holds her shoelace tightly and realizes what this means”

“Veronique is constantly having to decide, if she should follow the path of the Polish Weronika or not; if she should give in to her artistic instinct and the excitement, the art contains, or if she should give in to love and all that it entails.”
“I imagine that Veronique doesn’t spend the rest of her life with Alexandre. You see her cry near the end. She cries, when he reads to her, and the glance towards him does not suggest love, because in reality he has used her. He has used her for his own personal gain. I think she is a lot wiser at the end of the film, than at the beginning. Alexandre makes her aware that there is something more, that the other Weronika really existed. It’s him, who discovers the photo. Veronique hadn’t even noticed it among the dozens she had. The photo caught his eye, and maybe he understood what she could not comprehend. He understands and uses the photo. The moment he uses it, she understands, that he probably was not the man she desperately had been waiting for, because in the same instance this was revealed, something of hers, which was terribly intimate, as long as it wasn’t spoken of, was used. And when it had been used, it was no longer hers; and when it was no longer hers, there was nothing mysterious about it. It was not something personal anymore. It had become a public secret.”

Superstition, prophecy, premonition, intuition, dreaming – all this constitutes a human beings inner life; and all of this area is the most difficult thing to capture on film. Even though I know it can’t be captured, how ever hard I try, then I still work in that direction to get as close to it, as my ability allows me to.”

“If film really aims to achieve something – this is how I see it anyway – it is for a person to find themselves in the material.”
“There’s a great story I was told by an American journalist. He read a novel by Cortazar about a main character, who’s name, surname and life was identical to the journalist’s. If this was a coincidence or not the journalist couldn’t say, so he wrote to Cortazar and told him, that he had read the book, and suddenly discovered, that he was reading a book about himself. (…) The journalist told me about the reply, where Cortazar was excited about, what had happened, he had never met the journalist, never seen him, never heard of him. And he was overjoyed by having created a character, who existed in real life. It was in connection with Veronika, that the American journalist told me about this.”

Cinematographer Slawomir Idziak was interviewed:

The Double Life Of Veronique started with a very funny story. I was shooting a film in Berlin when Krzysztof called me one day. He wanted to meet, so we met in Berlin. He told me the following story, ‘I'd like to make a film about a phenomenon I read about recently in the paper. When they come up with a kind of rat poison in the US, European rats know about it the very next day, though they have no way of knowing about it that quickly. It's an odd phenomenon and I'd like to make a movie about it.’
In the particular case of The Double Life Of Veronique, the most important thing was Krzysztof's assertion, based on his declaration that he wasn't interested in the obvious differences between the two countries, what's used in every film in the so-called ‘West’. All this he deemed to be irrelevant. He was interested in a central character who, regardless of place, regime or politics, is a person with all the same problems. He wanted these two worlds to be identical, to be the same.

Veronique is an example of a film where a director expected his artistic partner, his cinematographer, to suggest a look for the film. The work on the set always started with his rehearsals after which he would ask me how I'd like to film it. Sometimes, of course, he could see a scene differently and disagree with me and, naturally, his decisions were final. But, as a rule, the cinematographer suggested how a scene should look. The film ended up having a green/yellow colour.

Both the use of colour, and daily activities of a sensitive twentysomething female French girl may have influenced Jean-Pierre Jeunet's Amelie (2001). Spoiler: David Lynch’s Mulholland Drive could also be compared, in that Weronika could be Veronique's dream, a dream which Veronique learns a lot from. Could the title The Double Life Of Veronique be hinting it is Veronique's dream?

Much like the Three Colours Trilogy, classical music plays an important atmospheric role, so lovers of that type of music are in for a treat. The scene of an old person struggling along and being watched is also similar in The Double Life Of Veronique and the Three Colours Trilogy, and connects the theme of the films. The dual role of Weronika and Veronique gave Irene Jacob a Best Actress award in Cannes.

I love the visual imagination and attention to detail, and certainly a very interesting film to interpret. Notice I call it a film, not a movie. And to me holds up to quite a few viewings, which is obviously a sign of a film of high quality.

Readers, I'd love to hear any comments on The Double Life Of Veronique!



interview transcripts: Kieslowski’s world and book Kieslowski on Kieslowski


  1. Interesting thoughts... Some have suggested that Weronika is Veronique's conscience because at one point Veronique changes her mind about lying for her friend in court. What made her change her mind? The more spiritual Weronika affecting her? Parallel universes are trendy at the moment, so there is that idea, of course. But coming back to the doppelganger bit - are they identical? No. Kieslowski emphasized to Irene not to play the characters the same despite her tendency to do so. She said it was very difficult for her and she kept lapsing but Kieslowski it was important to show they shared emotions but they were definitely NOT the same. Kieslowski was interested in connections between people on an internal level, not simply that there is the possibility that we might have a body double living somewhere else in the world. The puppeteer is as important is in this film as the judge in Three Colors Red. In fact, he is key in this film. We don't know whether the puppeteer knew all the time about Weronika or not. Maybe he had met her before on a trip. He knew about Veronique before he did his show at the school and she encountered him in the hall as he was getting ready. When he mentions to Veronique: 'I think I'll call it
    "The Double Life of..." ', at that point, he already knew what he would call his new book. In fact, he was ahead all the time in a similar manner to the judge in Red knowing that Valentine would come to him...

  2. Connections between Jean-Pierre Jeunet's Amelie and Kieslowski's Veronique? I came up with 10:

    1.Both films start with a flashback to the girls' childhoods
    2.Both girls lose their mothers and raised by their fathers
    3.Both films show exact dates as to when the girls are born
    4.Both girls discover they may have a heart abnormality
    5.Both films use saturated colour to emphasize emotions
    6.Both girls enjoy holding and playing with a round object
    7.Both films use facial expressions to convey inner feelings
    8.Both girls make use of a lens to view the outside world
    9.Both films would suffer if the music was taken away
    10.Both girls chase a mysterious man before reversing roles

    Emma from Emuse came up with 6:
    1.Similar titles
    2.Similar looking actress
    3.Amelie helps the blind man, Veronique wants to help the old lady
    4.Reflecting light between houses
    5.Amelie sends a videotape, Veronique receives an audiotape
    6.Amelie gives Nino clues to find her, the puppeteer gives Veronique clues to find him

    Was Jeunet aware of Kieslowski's film? Yes, certainly.

    The use of saturated colour to emphasize strong emotion is particularly important in both films. Slawomir Idziak used a large sheet of intense yellow-green cellophane over the hood of his camera lens which, in the end, was almost as green as the filter he used for the earlier A Short Film About Killing! Kieslowski hit the roof because he had insisted to Idziak that he wanted The Double Life Of Veronique shot in a yellow-gold hue! Idziak explains in an interview from 2006: "Then came Cannes, where there's a whole circus around film screenings. The night before each film screening, the filmmakers have the opportunity to set the conditions for the projection to make it lighter or darker and set the sound level to their satisfaction. Since it was very late at night, I cam practically in my pyjamas. There was no one there except me and my wife, who speaks French and translated for me. As the Americans were leaving in their tuxes, I walked into the screening room in my pyjamas and what do I see? My colours that they had earlier made a warm yellow had again gone back to green! So I called Krzysztof and said, ‘It's back to my way!’ And he said, ‘I guess you were right.’ "

    Incidentally, the Blu-Ray version gets close to the quality seen on the large screen; the grain is amazing - you can see the fine detail in Irene's eyes and skin although you need a very large Full HDTV to appreciate it.

  3. @Alexandre Fabbri: Thanks for your outstanding comments! You’re my go-to person for Kieslowski, that’s for sure ( : Some interesting interviews on your website I used for my review.

    I like the notion that some people can foresee the future, or have a secret knowledge of some kind, like Kern or Alexandre (or even Veronique) They say artists know stuff other people are blind too, and there are unexplainable mysteries in the world, or at least people think there are. Probably if you got to know an artist up close over a long time as a sister or brother, they wouldn’t seem so fascinating.

    I added a section to my review today about seeing yourself from a distance and how we could invent a fictitious “other self” to help us solve our problems.

    And thanks for the Amelie comparisons, Amelie is very good, but maybe not so original as people sometimes think.
    I really should get The Double Life of V on dvd or bluray ( :

  4. The Blu-Ray is incredible in terms of detail. Definitely worth buying, Chris.

    Also, Criterion have announced on their website new Blu-Ray and DVD Box Sets of Three Colors Blue White & Red, due for release on 15 November 2011 and pre-order priced at $63.96 for the Blu-Ray Box Set and $47.96 for the DVD Box Set.

    See my Diary for more information regarding the contents and bonus additions they include. Have a very good evening or is it morning over your way?! :-) A.F.

  5. Great post. This is one of my all time favorite films. I don't often watch the same movie twice, but I've seen this about a dozen times. I've always been fascinated about the concept of doppelgangers. and I guess there's some truth to what Ebert said, because after all this time I have yet to really figure this film out.

    Also I have to say I am much impressed by Alexandre's comments too.

  6. @ Bonjour Tristesse: Thanks, Roger Ebert's observation about seeing oneself at a distance really got me thinking, and I ended up writing a whole paragraph about that one sentence! ( :

    The film really allows room for so much interpretation its amazing, and I agree, I don't understand it either, and we can only speculate-that's the beauty of it.

    Yes, Alexandre has been really helpful, if you're interested, check out his website "Kieslowski's World" ( :

  7. This is my fav film of all time. It is also my fav soundtrack of all time. My husband and I both have adored this film for many years. I probably rewatch this at least once a year.

    We wrote about the film on our blog as well where we explored the role that music plays in the film (and the connection between director and composer) and also a "theory" on the meaning of the film from a Christian perspective - which was pretty interesting.

    I agree that while it is open to many interpretations, ultimately it is a film about those things which make up our inner life and are difficult to represent in film. In my opinion, it acheives a work on this inner world that is brilliant, poetic and haunting.

    While I've resisted trying to "figure it out", I have to admit that I would love to understand the last scene - the scene at the end where she touches the tree outside her father's home. If anyone has any theories on that tree scene - that would be great! :)

  8. @ Jenn: Thanks for commenting, I totally agree it holds up to multiple viewings. I'll take a look at your review soon!

    The story really is unique and original. Kieslowski's theory was that if he said to people that he already knew what the film was about, nobody would offer any suggestions.

    The end scene, hmm, I think its open-ended-maybe V doesn't even know herself why she's by the tree, a childhood memory perhaps she wants to re-live? or tree metaphor of going back to her roots?
    Its feasible the ending is not as meaningful as it appears, could just be a random moment.

    Several of Fellini's films end with the protagonist coming full circle back to their beginnings (this is a bit similar as V goes home to her father), in Fellini's case the sea being a metaphor for the possibility of rebirth which offers a way to start over on a new path.

    If you have any questions, be sure to ask website
    "Kieslowski's World", he's an expert on the film!

  9. Good review. I've seen some people on IMDB wanting to get definitive answers on if this was real, a parable, a fantasy, all in her head, etc. I've never been too caught up in any of this. I just see it as an impossible situation in real life presented in the fictional medium of movies. Movies give us an escape from real life, so why try to make them fit into real life labels?

  10. @Chip Lary: I've heard that argument about why try to make real life in a movie, I think it was a review of Tree of life.

    There are no definitive answers, that's what keeps interest in The Double Life Of Veronique alive!

    If Zooey Deschanel met singer Katy Perry, then maybe it's not an impossible situation ( :

  11. @Chris - Ha, I liked the Deschanel/Perry joke, especially after the comment you made on my post. It made me laugh.

  12. Today, I went to the beachfront with my children. I found
    a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said "You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear." She put the shell
    to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.
    She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is entirely off topic but I had
    to tell someone!


What do you think about the post? I look forward to hearing from you. Rest assured I will reply soon.


Related Posts with Thumbnails